Plastic surgery consists of two branches: cosmetic surgery and reconstructive plastic surgery. The goal of cosmetic surgery is to improve the physical appearance of a person. Plastic surgery can perform this or just reconstruction (reconstructive surgery). On the other hand, reconstructive plastic surgery is done to improve function. It may also entitle enhancing appearance, though this is not its primary purpose. Reconstructive plastic surgery is also known simply as reconstructive surgery.
In other places worldwide, cosmetic surgery is completely separated from plastic surgery. The term cosmetic surgery is also called non-essential surgery, electrical surgery and surgery that a patient decides on, while plastic surgery is the surgery intended to improve appearance caused by illness or injury.
According to experts, cosmetic surgery is not for everyone. There are things that happen to a patient's life that influence his / her decision to go for surgery. In several cases, surgeons from Europe and North America may pose the procedure until the patient goes through psychological counseling. Most cosmetic surgeries give permanent results, so it is very important for a patient to be very sure before going through the procedure.
Here are three surgical procedures that are performed very often:
Tummy tuck (abdominoplasty)
This procedure aims to reshape and firm the abdomen. Excess fat and skin is taken from the middle and lower abdomen to tighten the fascia and muscle of the abdominal wall. The people who usually choose to go tummy tuck are those who lost a lot of weight and have sagging skin as a result, as well as women after giving birth. At times, they have sagging skin because of genetic reasons (the patient inherited it). Tummy tuck could also improve the look of stretch marks, particularly those that are below the navel.
It is critical to identify malnutrition among patients that have lost many pounds. Prior to surgery, when malnutrition is identified in significant weight loss, there will be less surgical complications, faster healing of wounds, higher energy levels and improved scar for patients who want to go through body contouring.
Nose job or rhinoplasty
In this procedure, the surgeon reshapes the nose of the patient. This is performed by an otolaryngologist (surgeon for the head and neck, and a specialist on the ear / nose), plastic surgeon or a maxillofacial surgeon. This procedure aims to improve nose appearance and also its function – if the patient has a problem with breathing. According to surgeons, patients should at least be 15 years old (boys should be older). There are times when rhinoplasty is performed together with a facelift.
Facelift or rhytidectomy
This is a procedure intended to remove wrinkles by means of surgery. This aims to improve a patient's face by making him / her look younger. The surgeon removes excess facial skin with no need to tighten underlying tissues. He redrapes the skin on the face and / or neck of the patient. There are several ways of performing face lifts, but the most common one is to incise the front part of the ear that extends to the hairline and goes around the base of the ear and behind it. Then a scalpel or scissors that goes over the neck and cheek separates the skin from the deeper tissues. Thereafter, these deeper tissues are tightened with sutures or stitches. The extra deeper tissues are sometimes removed. Then, the skin is redraped and extra skin is removed. Finally, the surgeon sutures or staples the incisions.