Just like any surgical procedure, plastic surgery involves certain risks. While a competent surgeon will take every step possible to avoid complications, the risk of unexpected events never really goes away. It is important to understand all the risks involved before undergoing a procedure. Possible complications for plastic surgery include:
Infection. At least some level of infection is normal after most surgical procedures. It is important to follow all your doctor's instructions with regards to taking care of the affected ares. You should also take any medications that have been prescribed for you to combat infection; these will usually be penicillin or other antibiotics. If you experience what looks like the symptoms of infection around the affected area, consult with your doctor immediately. Delaying treatment for infection can result in complications and may even put your life in jeopardy.
Blood loss. Efforts are made to keep blood loss during surgery to a minimum. Minimally invasive surgical procedures are a great way to avoid excess blood loss, and have been made possible by advances in medical technology and an improved understanding of the human body. Drink plenty of fluids while recovering, to help your body replace any fluids that may have been lost. If you have any history of excessive bleeding, notify your surgeon.
Blood clots. Part of the natural healing process, blood clots are the body's way of preventing further blood loss at the site of a wound. They do involve potential complications though; a clot that has been taken loose may become lodged in a vein or artery, causing blockage. Even worse, a stray clot can find its way into the brain and cause a stroke, or even kill you almost instantly.
Brain damage. The brain is heavily dependent on a continuous supply of oxygen. When subjected to heavy blood loss, or if a clot gets lodged in it, entire sections of the brain can be depleted of oxygen for minutes at a time; an eternity as far as brain cells are concerned.
Localized Paralysis. If an area sufferers nerve damage, the ability to move the muscles in that area may be impaired. Sometimes, this may be a temporary side effect of anesthetics used during the surgery; in these cases normal movement can be expected to return as the effect of the drugs wears off.
To avoid complications, follow post-op guidelines and obey your doctor's instructions. You should avoid overly strenuous activities for a few weeks after your surgery, and practice good hygiene to prevent infection.